yumupgrades for production use, this is the repository for you.
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If for whatever reason, you are stuck with the now EOL version of the CentOS operating system, you can no longer run
yum upgrade successfully. Running
yum upgrade in CentOS 6 will yield the following results:
Setting up Upgrade Process
YumRepo Error: All mirror URLs are not using ftp, http[s] or file.
Eg. Invalid release/repo/arch combination/
removing mirrorlist with no valid mirrors: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/6/base/mirrorlist.txt
Error: Cannot retrieve repository metadata (repomd.xml) for repository: base. Please verify its path and try again
Rightfully so, as the YUM repository was removed from the main CentOS update servers, no security or feature upgrades are provided.
However, not all the repositories have halted their support for CentOS 6. The GetPageSpeed repository still provides up-to-date NGINX builds and its module packages.
This may be one reason why you want
yum upgrade to still work. Or simply, you are not ready to move on with a newer operating system, and willing to take the security risks associated with using the older version.
How to fix
yum upgrade then?
Use the CentOS Vault repository
The CentOS Vault repositories have been around for a long time and allow you to stick to a specific CentOS x.y release even while newer ones are available. Now that there will be no newer 6.x, you can simply point your
yum repository configuration to the latest 6.x that will ever be, which is 6.10.
To use the Vault repository, set up its repo configuration instead of the now defunct repositories configuration:
curl https://www.getpagespeed.com/files/centos6-eol.repo --output /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
That’s it, everything should be functional.
Alternatively, you can manually replace the contents of the file
/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo with the necessary configuration.
Copy-paste the entire snippet below and hit Enter:
cat <<-'EOF' > /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo [C6.10-base] name=CentOS-6.10 - Base baseurl=http://vault.centos.org/6.10/os/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=1 metadata_expire=never [C6.10-updates] name=CentOS-6.10 - Updates baseurl=http://vault.centos.org/6.10/updates/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=1 metadata_expire=never [C6.10-extras] name=CentOS-6.10 - Extras baseurl=http://vault.centos.org/6.10/extras/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=1 metadata_expire=never [C6.10-contrib] name=CentOS-6.10 - Contrib baseurl=http://vault.centos.org/6.10/contrib/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=0 metadata_expire=never [C6.10-centosplus] name=CentOS-6.10 - CentOSPlus baseurl=http://vault.centos.org/6.10/centosplus/$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=0 metadata_expire=never EOF
Now you can run
yum upgrade without problems. This also allows you to get to the latest release 6.10 even if you were left behind at, e.g. 6.7.
yum upgrade works, but you can also install arbitrary packages as usual.
Fixing EPEL repository
curl https://www.getpagespeed.com/files/centos6-epel-eol.repo --output /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo
Fixing SCLO repositories
The repositories containing newer compilation software like
gcc is available via Software Collections.
However, its repositories are likewise gone. Use Vault repositories instead:
yum -y install centos-release-scl curl https://www.getpagespeed.com/files/centos6-scl-eol.repo --output /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-SCLo-scl.repo curl https://www.getpagespeed.com/files/centos6-scl-rh-eol.repo --output /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-SCLo-scl-rh.repo