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Magento 2 is quite fast if you know how to configure it. One of the complementary programs to help with Magento speedup is Redis.
What is Redis
Redis is server software that allows applications to store their data in memory, which is the fastest storage. Magento can leverage Redis to store its cache for faster performance.
Installing latest Redis on CentOS/RHEL 7
yum install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm yum install https://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm yum --enablerepo=remi install redis
Enable it at runtime and at boot time with:
systemctl enable --now redis
Configure memory limit
We are going to use Redis for caches and sessions. We have to configure memory limit so that it does not exhaust out RAM over time. Edit
/etc/redis.conf as appropriate for your cache maximum storage. Example, for a cache up to 4GB in RAM, use:
maxmemory 4096mb maxmemory-policy allkeys-lfu
allkeys-lfu is an eviction policy that removes any key using approximated LFU.
This will ensure that frequently used data stays in the cache, while the least used data can be removed in order to keep our cache size to a sane limit.
Configure UNIX socket
For a typical all-in-one server setup, it is recommended to use UNIX sockets for inter-process communication.
Thus, in the same configuration file, enable Redis to listen on a UNIX socket with these lines:
unixsocket /var/run/redis/redis.sock unixsocketperm 0660
Grant your website user access to the Redis socket
usermod -a -G redis example
Important note for Magento 2.4.0
The new module introduced with this version creates numerous hash entries and stores them into the Redis cache.
This quickly results in out of memory conditions, if your Redis is not configured with
As a workaround, disable the module with
clearmage2 --disable Magento_Csp
php bin/magento module:disable Magento_Csp
How to configure Magento PHP sessions to be stored in Redis
Starting with Magento version 2.0.6 you can have Magento store its user session data into Redis.
Magento 2.2.x and above
Magento 2 allows both full page cache and general cache to be stored in Redis. Additionally, you can have sessions stored in Redis.
Ensure multiple Redis instances for different data
You’re much recommended to allocate separate Redis instances (services), even on the same server, for each stored data type.
The reason being is that Magento 2 being a buggy software with buggy plugins, can easily wipe out your sessions when you clean caches.
This may happen whether you use different database IDs or not.
It is easy to create a separate instance of Redis, by copying its SystemD unit file and customizing it with different port/socket location.
For example, the original SystemD unit file can be used for general cache storage.
It is located under
/usr/lib/systemd/system/redis.service. You can copy it for creating another instance, e.g. for sessions:
cp -p /usr/lib/systemd/system/redis.service /etc/systemd/system/redis-sessions.service
Now edit it so it looks like the following:
[Unit] Description=Redis persistent key-value database (sessions) After=network.target [Service] ExecStart=/usr/bin/redis-server /etc/redis-sessions.conf --supervised systemd ExecStop=/usr/libexec/redis-shutdown redis-sessions # Write PID file: https://github.com/antirez/redis/issues/3716 ExecStartPost=/bin/sh -c "echo $MAINPID > /var/run/redis-sessions/redis-sessions.pid" Type=notify User=redis Group=redis RuntimeDirectory=redis-sessions RuntimeDirectoryMode=0755 [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
The parts that will be different to the original unit are
ExecStart specifying a different configuration file, and
ExecStop providing the base name of that configuration file.
This is required so that the separate instance is launched and stopped using different port and socket path.
We have to create the aforementioned instance-specific configuration files by copying the original and editing it, specifying different port and socket path:
cp -p /etc/redis.conf /etc/redis-sessions.conf # then edit
Another change to the original unit file is that we put a different
This is essential so that our instances “don’t step onto each other’s” runtime files during startup or shutdown.
Once you have configured the instances, you can further resort to Magento CLI interface to configure everything to cache onto Redis, with the following commands:
bin/magento setup:config:set --cache-backend=redis --cache-backend-redis-server=/var/run/redis/redis.sock --cache-backend-redis-db=0 bin/magento setup:config:set --page-cache=redis --page-cache-redis-server=/var/run/redis-fpc/redis-fpc.sock --page-cache-redis-db=1 yes | bin/magento setup:config:set --session-save=redis --session-save-redis-host=/var/run/redis-sessions/redis-sessions.sock --session-save-redis-log-level=3 --session-save-redis-db=2 --session-save-redis-max-concurrency=20
Note how we are specifying different socket paths, essentially making use of our extra Redis instances.
We could have omitted the database number specifiers, but we keep it around for edge cases where one instance is to be used.
- The first command configures Magento 2 to store general cache to Redis.
- The second command configures Magento 2 to store full page cache to Redis.
- Finally, the third command configures Magento 2 to store user sessions to Redis.
We prepend it with
yes |in order to accept possible prompt:
To deal with "Overwrite the existing configuration for session-save?[Y/n]" prompt..
All three commands specify the paths to Redis sockets, which makes sense only if Redis runs on the same machine where Magento files are located.
Important note about the sessions max concurrency
--session-save-redis-max-concurrency=20 switch as specified above, is required for a sane website function because the default value of
6 is too low for any situation.
See related issue for details.
If you see an error in your
var/log/exception.log like the following:
main.CRITICAL: Warning: session_start(): Failed to read session data …
It means that you need to increase max concurrency further by running, e.g.
n98-magerun2 config:env:set session.redis.max_concurrency 30.
It is also recommended to use bot session fix module which prevents session creation for bots.
Older Magento 2 versions
If your Magento 2 is older than 2.2 you’ll have to get your hands a bit dirty by editing PHP configuration files.
How to configure Magento 2 (versions below 2.2) cache to be stored in Redis
Add the following to
'cache' => array ( 'frontend' => array ( 'default' => array ( 'backend' => 'Cm_Cache_Backend_Redis', 'backend_options' => array ( 'server' => '/var/run/redis/redis.sock', 'port' => '6379', 'database' => '0' ), ), 'page_cache' => array ( 'backend' => 'Cm_Cache_Backend_Redis', 'backend_options' => array ( 'server' => '/var/run/redis-fpc/redis-fpc.sock', 'port' => '6380', 'database' => '1', 'compress_data' => '0' ) ) ) ),
The cache settings specified above are for: default cache (which bears basic Magento data) and page_cache (which is the full page cache).
If you already make use of Varnish for full page cache (specified it in Magento admin), you can omit the page_cache settings array and simply put:
'cache' => array ( 'frontend' => array ( 'default' => array ( 'backend' => 'Cm_Cache_Backend_Redis', 'backend_options' => array ( 'server' => '/var/run/redis/redis.sock', 'port' => '6379', 'database' => '0' ), ), ) ),
Otherwise, both Varnish and Redis will simultaneously store full page cache. Having Varnish and Redis store cache works fine, but you want to keep only one cache of this type in order to save on RAM/CPU.
How to configure Magento 2 (versions below 2.2) sessions to be stored in Redis
Add the following to
'session' => array ( 'save' => 'redis', 'redis' => array ( 'host' => '/var/run/redis-sessions/redis-sessions.sock', 'port' => '6381', 'password' => '', 'timeout' => '2.5', 'persistent_identifier' => '', 'database' => '2', 'compression_threshold' => '2048', 'compression_library' => 'gzip', 'log_level' => '1', 'max_concurrency' => '20', 'break_after_frontend' => '5', 'break_after_adminhtml' => '30', 'first_lifetime' => '600', 'bot_first_lifetime' => '60', 'bot_lifetime' => '7200', 'disable_locking' => '0', 'min_lifetime' => '60', 'max_lifetime' => '2592000' ) ),
As a final note, make sure that the database setting is different for all types of data that is stored in Redis if you don’t use separate instance.
In our example configs, sessions are stored into Redis database 2, whereas general cache and full page cache are stored in Redis databases 0 and 1 respectively.
But because they are using different instances, database numbers are not essential.
Still find Magento 2 extremely slow even after configuring Redis? Let me help you with that! 🙂